Flat screen printing is one of the most popular printing systems in textile printing industry. In Flat Screen Printing Technology the screen is flat and moves up and down. The printed fabric moves forward step by step and passes through a dryer. Flat-screen printing machines can be manual, semi-automatic or fully automatic. Manual flat screen printing machine and printing process is too much slower and production rate in flat screen printing is also lower. The best solution for reducing time of printing and increase the productivity in printing is to use the fully automatic flat screen printing machine. In this article I will try to give features of fully automatic flat screen printing machine and its process.
Fully automatic flat screen printing is basically used for the printing of better quality furnishing fabrics. This method is appropriate for the large repeats and large motifs. Though the printing speeds are relatively low compared with rotary screen printing, and this allows time for any printing faults to be noticed and corrected before much expensive cloth is spoiled. This machine is widely used in USA and UK.
In fully automatic flat screen printing the textile material is gummed to the blanket at the entry end and moves along with the blanket in an intermittent style, one screen repeat distance at a time. All the colors in the design are printed simultaneously while the fabric is stationary; then the screens are lifted and the fabric and blanket move on. When the fabric approaches to the turning point of the blanket, it is pressed off and passes into a drying chamber. The soiled blanket is washed and dried during its return passage on the underside of the printing machine.
Parts of Fully automatic flat screen printing machine:
The main part of the fully automatic flat screen printing machine are:
Intermittent movement of the printing screen and fabric
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